Both industrialized and developing countries are increasingly focusing on the need for adaptation strategies in relation to experienced and/or anticipated environmental change. This course aims to present, discuss and analyze different perspectives on and approaches to the challenge of adaptation to global environmental change in general, and climate change in particular. It covers themes such as (1) the vulnerability of communities in different parts of the world to the combined impacts of environmental and non-environmental stress, (2) international, regional and national adaptation policies, (3) the construction of socioeconomic and environmental scenarios as a tool for adaptation policies conflicts and synergies between adaptation, economic development, security, poverty, gender and human rights agendas, and (4) interlinkages between environmental change mitigation and adaptation.